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Everything you need to know about the gallstone removal surgery in India

Gallstones are termed as hard deposits in the gallbladder. In some cases, the patient does not need surgery. However, there are certain instances where the patient needs to get Gallbladder Stone Surgery in Vizag. This condition does not result in symptoms and its size will vary from person to person. Some individuals might face issues of blocked pancreatic duct/ bile or infection.

When do you need surgery?
The surgery is needed by around quarter of people diagnosed with gallstone. Depending on the type of gallstone the doctor will recommend to you what type of surgery you need to get or how your condition can be benefited. There are two types of gallstones: cholesterol and pigment.
• Cholesterol stones do not need surgery
• Pigment stones need surgery

What are the common nonsurgical procedures?
Some of the common nonsurgical procedures include:
• Shock wave lithotripsy
During this the surgeon uses shock waves to break the gallstone into parts but it is not that common.
• Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
During this approach, the endoscope is used to check the bile ducts. For gallstones, a doctor may use the procedure for stone removal from blocked ducts.
• Oral dissolution therapy
Under this method, medications are used by the doctor. The medications allow the gallstone to remove into different parts. The medications are used like: ursodiol and chenodiol,

How to prepare for the surgery?
The doctor will tell you in detail what you need to expect and how to take care of yourself before and after the surgery:
• Stop eating or drinking as recommended by the doctor.
• Take a shower the night before the surgery
• Stop taking certain medications as they increase the chances of complications. Talk to the doctor for better understanding.
• Take any approved medications on the day of surgery with a small amount of water.

Types of surgery for gallstones
Laparoscopic/robotic cholecystectomy
This approach is more common as compared to open surgery. The doctor will give you general anesthesia which allows you to be at ease during the surgery. Around 3 to 4 small incisions are made and essential devices are placed to see the gallbladder.
In some cases, the surgeon may use robotics to perform the surgery. The only difference is that the surgeon will use a robot to manipulate everything. In some cases, additional X-ray is done to look for the presence of gallstone.

Open cholecystectomy
Some of the reasons when this surgical approach is used are:
• Severely inflamed
• Bleeding issues
• Overweight
• Poor visibility inside the body
• Badly infected
• Scarred from several other procedures

Aftercare
Under the laparoscopic surgery, the patient can go back home on the same or next day. The patient is able to get back to the normal working regime within one week.
In case of open surgery, the patient has to stay in hospital for one week. It takes around one month to get back to the normal life.
Make sure to follow all the recommendations given by the doctor from the dietary changes to any specific instruction which needs to be followed.

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