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Uterine Fibroids

What do you need to know about Uterine fibroids diagnosis and treatment?

Uterine fibroids are found incidentally thorough pelvic examination. The irregularities are checked by looking at the uterus shape, and then the fibroid’s presence is checked. Make sure that you get the Uterine Fibroids Surgery in Vizag at the right time to manage your condition. One of the effective approaches to manage the condition is myomectomy. If you have uterine fibroids symptoms, then the doctor will ask you to do the following tests.
• Ultrasound
If confirmation is required, then an ultrasound is needed. Under this, sound waves are used to check the uterus, and then the diagnosis is confirmed. Also, the fibroids are measured. The transducer (Ultrasound) is moved in the abdominal area to get a better view of the uterus.
• Lab tests
In case you have abnormal menstrual bleeding, then the doctor will ask you to get a potential test to understand the possible reason behind it. Additionally, the doctor will ask you to get a complete blood count. In case, you have anemia then it can be due to blood loss and the possible causes can be checked through this.
In case the ultrasound did not give the right information, then the doctor will ask you to undergo different tests which include:
• MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
• Hysterosonography
• Hysterosalpingography
• Hysteroscopy

Treatment
Watchful waiting
Initially, the woman does not experience any symptoms or they are so mild that you can live with it. Neither fibroids are cancerous and in rare cases, it affects the chances of pregnancy.

Medications
• Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists
• Progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD)
• Tranexamic acid (Lysteda, Cyklokapron)
• Other medications
• Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Noninvasive procedure
MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery (FUS) is:
It is a newer method that is effective and in this, there is no need to make an incision. Moreover, the treatment is done as an outpatient method.

Minimally invasive procedures
Laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation
• Uterine artery embolization
Under this small particles are injected into the arteries and then blood flow to the fibroids with cut off. This way they are going to shrink & die. It helps the symptoms to go off.
• Radiofrequency ablation
With radiofrequency, the uterine fibroids are destroyed and then blood vessels are shrunk. The procedure is done through the transcervical or laparoscopic method. Under this, the fibroids are frozen. The camera is used to check the fibroids and then they are treated.
• Laparoscopic or robotic myomectomy
Under this method, the fibroids are removed, and this way space is left in the uterus. If these are few, then you will be asked to undergo laparoscopic or robotic methods. Larger fibroids are treated through smaller incisions and then it is broken down into different pieces.

Traditional surgical procedures
• Abdominal myomectomy
If there is the presence of deep or large fibroids then abdominal surgery is done to address the issue. Although, the scarring following the method can impact your chances to conceive naturally.
• Hysterectomy
Under this, the uterus is removed and the most effective method is found. This affects your chances to bear children.
If you are diagnosed with uterine fibroids, then you need to get the diagnosis and treatment from the best medical expert.

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